- Living and Non-Living Things: • Differentiating between living organisms and non-living objects • Understanding the characteristics of living things (e.g., growth, reproduction, response to stimuli) • Exploring examples of living organisms in various habitats
- Plant Structure and Function: • Identifying the parts of a plant (e.g., roots, stems, leaves, flowers) • Understanding the functions of each plant part (e.g., roots for absorption, leaves for photosynthesis) • Exploring the life cycle of plants (seed germination, growth, flowering, seed production)
- Animal Diversity: • Recognizing different groups of animals (e.g., mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, fish) • Understanding basic characteristics and adaptations of animals in each group • Exploring the habitats and behaviors of various animals
- Life Cycles: • Understanding life cycles of animals (e.g., metamorphosis in insects, birth and growth in mammals) • Exploring life cycles of plants (e.g., flowering plants, conifers) • Comparing and contrasting different life cycles in the animal and plant kingdoms
- Habitats and Ecosystems: • Exploring different habitats (e.g., forests, oceans, grasslands) • Understanding the concept of an ecosystem and its components (e.g., producers, consumers, decomposers) • Recognizing the interdependence of living organisms within an ecosystem
- Food Chains and Food Webs: • Understanding the flow of energy in a food chain • Exploring interconnected food webs and trophic levels • Recognizing the roles of producers, consumers, and decomposers in ecosystems
- Adaptations and Survival: • Exploring how plants and animals adapt to their environments for survival • Understanding how adaptations enhance an organism’s chances of survival • Recognizing examples of behavioral and physical adaptations in various organisms
- Human Body Systems: • Identifying major body systems (e.g., circulatory, respiratory, digestive) • Understanding the functions of each body system • Exploring the importance of a balanced diet and exercise for maintaining health.
These key concepts in Grade 3 Biology introduce young learners to the diversity of life on Earth, the interactions between living organisms and their environment, and the basic functions of the human body. The curriculum aims to instill an appreciation for the natural world and foster curiosity about the living organisms that inhabit it.